In the previous lesson, we looked at the basic way of conjugating the verbs in the dictionary form into the present tense form. Do you remember how?
- Verb stems ending with vowels ㅗ[o] or ㅏ[a] are followed by 아요[a-yo].
- Verb stems ending with vowels OTHER THAN ㅗ or ㅏ are followed by 어요[eo-yo].
- Verb stem 하 is followed by 여요[yeo-yo].
Now it’s time to learn how to change verbs into the past tense.
If you understand how to change verbs into the present tense, understanding how to change them into the past tense is just as easy.
A similar rule is applied to making past tense sentences,
and the endings are:
You can add those to the verb stems, or you can think of it as just replacing the “요” at the end
of present tense sentences with -ㅆ어요 [ss-eo-yo].
Verb stems ending with vowels ㅗ[o] or ㅏ[a] are followed by 았어요[a-sseo-yo].
Verb stems ending with vowels other than ㅗ or ㅏare followed by 었어요[eo-sseo-yo].
Verb stem 하 is followed by 였어요[yeo-sse-yo].
Let’s take a look at some examples. បន្តការអាន